Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

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What arthritis is
What arthritis is

What arthritis is?

First of all, let’s see what arthritis is, it is a common form of osteoarthritis responsible for tenderness and swelling of joints. It can affect multiple joints simultaneously. Remember, this term describes almost 200 types of arthritis. Causes and treatment methods may vary for each type. Two common types of this condition are RA (rheumatoid arthritis) and OA (osteoarthritis).  

Symptoms of Arthritis

After seeing what arthritis is, this is how to know what are the arthritis symptoms? Check the list below and identify this problem in its initial stage:

  • Stiffness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Joint pain
  • Restricted movements

In numerous cases, you will experience pain while moving your joints. Sometimes, redness around the joint becomes common. Symptoms of arthritis can be worse in the morning. If you have RA, you will experience loss of appetite and fatigue because of inflammation.

Your immune activity causes inflammation. A patient can be anemic (decrease in red blood cells) or suffering from fever. If you left this condition untreated, you would experience joint deformity. Arthritis in back and neck are common. Moreover, arthritis reactive targets your joints of feet and ankles and knees. In numerous cases, inflammation can affect your urethra, skin and eyes.

What causes arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can damage your joints in different methods. See the causes of these conditions.

What is rheumatoid arthritis?

It is a chronic disease causing swelling in your joints and causes immobility and painful deformity in ankles, feet, wrists and fingers. This condition may damage different body systems, such as blood vessels, heart, lungs, eyes and skin. Remember, giant cell arthritis can affect your arteries.

What are the symptoms rheumatoid?

In this type of arthritis, the immune system of your body can attack the lining of joint capsules. Remember, the joint capsule is a thick membrane that enfolds all parts of the joint. The synovial membrane (lining) becomes puffy and inflamed. This disease can destroy bone and cartilage in the joints.

What is Osteoarthritis arthritis?

It is a common form of arthritis that involves wear-and-tear to cartilage in joints (slick, hard coating on the bone’s end to form a joint). Cartilage pads the bones and promotes frictionless movements. Any damage to cartilage may increase the chances of bone grinding. It can be painful and restrict your movements.

An infection or joint injury can speed up the deterioration of bones. Remember, osteoarthritis can affect your whole joint. You may experience changes in bones. It can increase the chances of corrosion of connective tissues. Keep it in mind that connective tissues connect your muscles to bones and hold them together. Patients may experience inflammation of the lining of joints. 

Treatments Of Arthritis

Osteo arthritis treatment helps you to relieve pain and improve movements. Different medicines are available to relieve pain, such as Duloxetine, NSAIDs and Acetaminophen. Sometimes, physical therapy and occupational therapy may help you to improve your mobility. In numerous cases, doctors recommend surgery, cortisone injections, lubrication injections, realigning bones, and joint replacement.

Painful Hands 

arthritis in hand
Arthritis in hand

Arthritis of the hand can be the reason for painful hands. In this condition, arthritis affects the joints of your hand and cause stiffness and pain. You can’t move your hand for repetitive activities. For instance, typing on a keyboard or gripping kitchen’s utensils can be painful. A patient may lose the strength of his/her hands.

Treatment for Painful Hands

If you want to treat arthritis in hand, you can do an exercise. Start doing this exercise whenever you feel stiffness in hands.

  • Hold your left hand with all of the fingers straight.
  • Slowly band your fingers to make a fist and put a thumb on the outer area of your hand. You must not squeeze your hand.
  • Now slowly open your hand and straighten up your fingers. Repeat this exercise at least ten times with both hands.

Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is a condition that can affect younger children. They may experience swelling of the synovium (tissues line the inside areas of joints). It is an autoimmune disease in kids aged 16 or even younger.

Remember, Idiopathic Arthritis Juvenile may increase the chances of joint damage, eye inflammation and growth problems. Their treatments focus on improving function, preventing damage in joints and controlling inflammation and pain.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis for Juvenile arthritis can be difficult because the pain in joints is common. It may be related to other health issues. Doctors often use some codes to explain the specific nature of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis icd 10. Different tests may help doctors to diagnose this issue. Treatments for this arthritis focus on assisting patients to maintain their regular social and physical activity.

Doctors may use different strategies to relieve swelling and pain, maintain strength and movement and avoid complications. Medications are available to decrease pain and potential damages in joints.

How to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?

The rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis is difficult in the early stages because the early symptoms and signs can mimic other diseases. Blood tests can’t help you to diagnose this condition. During physical examinations, doctors may check joints for warmth, redness and swelling. Blood tests and imaging tests may help.

Rheumatologist Arthritis Treatment

Treatments for rheumatoid arthritis include physical or occupational therapy, medications and exercise. Sometimes, surgery is necessary to rectify joint damage. Some NSAIDs are available for the treatment of arthritis. Unfortunately, these can increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, ulcers, stomach irritation, bleed and increase in blood pressure.

Rheumatoid arthritis diet

With special diet rheumatoid arthritis, you can control the inflammation. No doubt, food can’t cure RA (rheumatoid arthritis), but it will help you to maintain a healthy weight. Your diet must include lots of veggies, fruits, whole grains, beans, peas, fatty fish, olive oil and nuts.

Fatty fish, such as herring, sardines, tuna and salmon have omega-3 fatty acids. These are helpful to control inflammation. The human body needs a perfect balance of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. To get them, add meats, nuts and olive oil in your diet.

Vegetables and fruits are rich in antioxidants. These can help you to stabilize free radicals in your body. Remember, these radicals can trigger damage cells and inflammation. Moreover, you will get minerals and vitamins in your body. Make sure to add 2 ½ cups of vegetables and 2 cups of fruits in your regular diet. 

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